We have seen technology do amazing things in various sectors around the world, and agriculture is one of the best examples.
The agricultural field has risen to the top as a result of technological advancements that have been used.
When we observe ancient farming eras to today’s century, we realize or we can see the results of how the technology works.
Technology has created several opportunities for the agriculture industry, especially farming. Farm machinery productivity allows growers to produce more properly.
The population has decreased greatly as a result of technological evolution which is a good thing for producers.
Now, we should have to look towards technological scenarios, we get the result of how smartphones make the work easier.
Farmers had to buy fertilizers, seeds, and other supplies in the beginning. But now, there is no need to go anywhere, with the help of technology it becomes in a click. They can purchase it online, digital marketing makes it easy and also saves time and cost also.
Farmers are able to track and cultivate the land, sowing, and other aspects of farming. It is possible by computerized farming.
There are many technological areas in agriculture, such as fertilizers, tractor utilization, pesticides, seed technology, etc.
Biotechnology and genetic engineering played an important role in the agriculture sector in pest resistance and increased crop yields.
Farm mechanization helps to efficiently tillage operations, harvesting, and reduction in manual labor.
Different irrigation methods and transportation systems have improved, processing machinery has reduced wastage, etc., and the effect is visible in all areas.
Latest or new age technologies focus on robotics, precision agriculture, artificial intelligence, blockchain technology, and more.
Some technological advancements that have innovated agriculture.
Agriculture in India is largely dependent on nature, but climate change and global warming makes farming unpredictable
Technology’s Advantages in Agriculture –
- Machines help to reduce the efforts of farmers.
- They reduce the time.
- Used to supply water to crops.
- Reduce the use of water, fertilizers which keep the prices down.
- Reduce impact on the ecosystem.
- Application of synthetic fertilizers.
Farmers have always been attached or busy with their farm and it is what they are familiar with and recognize very easily.
The large work done, transportation, fertilizer and pesticide spraying, and many other tasks must be completed by them.
Disadvantages of Technology in Agriculture:
The more use of chemicals with the help of machines reduces the fertility of the land and production is reduced.
Lack of practical knowledge and illiteracy the farmers can’t handle the machine properly.
The cost of maintenance is very high.
It is very effective or useful but has many side effects and drawbacks
Due to lack of knowledge, most of the farmers are illiterate so they are unable to use the modern machine.
The robotic machine could not change their programs, we had to set their program manually.
Excess use of machines may cause harmful environmental damage.
Technology that has been helpful towards agriculture:
Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI has simplified everything for farmers to predict the atmosphere, determine the kind of soil that crops need, and provide solutions. simply it is the system in which the
Mobile Application: Smartphones are becoming increasingly popular, and for farmers, they have proven to be valuable resources. Farmers may use it to place orders, monitor them, and communicate with them.
Tracking by satellite images: Farmers can use this facility to learn about environmental conditions and how oceans are doing, but most importantly, it can help you check on your crops and see if they are present on the ground.
Drones: Farmers will use agricultural drones and spray crops to see whether they have been infected or not. Drones can show detailed soil erosion as well as see some dry areas on the ground.
Biotechnology: Farmers may cultivate crops on dry and desert lands with the help of biotechnology. It’s a type of technology that helps farmers by saving their time. It’s never easy to grow crops on dry land, but it’s now possible due to biotechnology.
Satellite images for agriculture: satellite images can be used for various types of information such as road networks, weather changes, the behavior of oceans, etc. But this technology is used to observe crops without being present on the farm and this saves a considerable amount of money and time.
Protected cultivation in agriculture:
Greenhouse cultivation is the area where the production of horticultural crop production has been taken. In India, the under greenhouse cultivation is presently 25,000 hectares. The greenhouse vegetable cultivation area is 2000 H. Polyhouse can be utilized for rainwater harvesting. The not-fixed yearly demand for a 175 square meter poly-house is of the order of about 52,000 liters.
Future Of Technology In Agriculture:
The presence of technology in agriculture is still growing with time on a large scale, and new innovative ideas are expanding daily.
With AI in the picture and Nano-technology introducing itself in the farming industry, Farmers will be busy, not doing any hard work but gaining an understanding of newer technologies.
Some of the solutions that have the power to show more significant response in farmers ahead in future
Crop insurance is going to be one of the important facilities that technology provides to farmers to help them to recover the loss.
Most of the time, farmers are in intense situations due to crops getting destroyed in heavy rains. Crop insurance prevents the loss.
Farmers who can sell their products to local businesses are most likely running local Kirana stores, which is another way to increase the product demand, which favors farmers. In the coming years, all these shops will be using digital, helping the farmers do more transparent business.
Nanotechnology will help the farmer to reduce the amount of waste that occurs due to fertilizers.
Soil testing: Soil testing will help farmers to detect what nutrients the soil needs to support the crop to grow. Soil testing on the land will be much faster than what farmers will do to understand the soil condition.
Micro-financing: Micro-financing will play the main role in the income-related sector of farmers. It helps poor household farmers to fulfill all the basic needs of every farmer in their house.